Why is social change so difficult? In Entangled, Ian Hodder outlines four forms of entanglement where people, as it were, become enmeshed in the world in ways that render alternatives or change difficult. These entanglements are forms of dependency forming series or chains. There are, first, human – human entanglements (HH). These are what the social sciences, political philosophy, and political critique largely focus on. HH entanglements are the realm of representation, norms, laws, signs, and power. In my last post, I spoke of an HH entanglement with respect to citizenship status. Although citizenship or being categorized as undocumented is not a material determination but the result of a signifier or what Deleuze and Guattari call an “incorporeal transformation”, it nonetheless has profound material consequences for the person that falls within the web of these signifiers, determining what movements and forms of life are possible for that person.
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